Gorakhpur (Hindi: गोरखपुर, Urdu: گۋڙکھ پور) is a city of 675,000 people in Uttar Pradesh, India. It is a way station on a popular overland route from India to Nepal. It is the city of great shaayar ("फिराक गोरखपुरी").
Gorakhpur is a city in the eastern part of the state of Uttar Pradesh in India, near the border with Nepal. It is the administrative headquarters of Gorakhpur District and Gorakhpur Division.
Gorakhpur is famous as a religious centre: the city was home to Buddhist, Hindu, Jain and Sikh saints and is named after the medieval saint Gorakshanath. Gorakhnath Temple is still the seat of the Nath sect. The city is also home to many historic Buddhist sites and the Gita Press, a publisher of Hindu religious texts.
In the 20th century, Gorakhpur was a focal point in the Indian independence movement. Today, the city is also a business centre, hosting the headquarters of the North Eastern Railways  and an industrial area, GIDA Gorakhpur Development Authority, 15km from the old town.
It experiences a pleasant environment throughout the year. In summer the average temperature can go as high as 40 'C and in during the winters the average temperature can go as low as 4 'C. The best time to visit Gorakhpur is during the months of October to March.
Daily Jet airways flight at 1:30PM from New Delhi to Gorakhpur (excluding weekends)
Gorakhpur railway station connects to all major cities of India. It is the headquarter of North Eastern Railway. Direct trains connect it to Mumbai, Delhi, Kolkata, Lucknow, Kanpur, Varanasi and other cities.
Gorakhpur falls on NH 28 and 29. The roadways network connects Gorakhpur to the cities of Uttar Pradesh and to other cities of India. Some important distances are: Lucknow 276 km, Varanasi 231 km, Allahabad 339 km, Agra 624 km, Delhi 783 km and Mumbai 1690 km.
Situated on the basin of rivers Rapti and Rohini the geographical shape of the Gorakhpur City is of bowl. The west of the city is guarded by cool Rapti river while the east is associated with excel Sal Forest, giving the divine sense of peace with cool breeze every moment. The south is showered with the power of excellence, in shape of greenish Ramgarh Tal and north is the plinth of city's advancement.
Gorakhpur city has a university, a medical college, six engineering colleges, two pharmacy collages, two Management collages, one Dental collage and many post graduate and degree colleges. It is also the head quarters of North Eastern Railways. You can travel to any corner of India from here. No mean an achievement considering the size of the city. It also has an airport for domestic travel and connects with every major city in India. The city boasts of an army cantonment and an air base. All this, gave a cosmopolitan touch to the city. The world famous publication house of Gita Press gives an intellectual and religious touch to the city.
Direct Trains from all major Stations in India. Roadways (UP Government Bus) connectivity to major cities within the State, Nepal and Delhi. Flight to-from Lucknow, Varanasi and Delhi. Not reliable though as operators frequently stop / start operating on this route due commercial reasons. The airport is dedicated military airbase.
Cycle Rickshaw, a three wheeled human powered cycle, is the major mode of transport in the city. The charges are nominal and can be bargained. Usually a ride of 1-2 km would cost around ₹15. City bus are available for some important routes of city.
Auto Rickshaws are easily available for traveling to some parts in the city.
Taxicabs can also be hired for a fixed time duration as desired by the user.
- See all the Hindi movies in the town, best theaters are Raj, Jubilee, Vijay Picture Palace, here air conditioning is good.
- Baldev Plaza is the oldest shopping mall, located in Golghar, and has several shops, especially for jewellery and gifts.
- A new shopping Mall (SRS,Sabhi Rahe Saath) on the Park Road (near Hotel Ganesh). This mall is with 3 movie screens.
- Hire a cycle-rickshaw and travel around slow all around the town and in some places it is better to travel on foot.
- Rail museum is also a very good picnic place.
- You can go Taramandal for Boat riding.
- All things are available as in big cities; but, the best attraction of this city is terracota material (decorative things made of muddy soil).
- For your personal needs, the best place is Golghar which situated in the centre of the city.
- Religious books may be bought from Gita Press.
Gorakhpur has a fairly good restaurants and eating joints. Apart from the star category hotels there are many restaurants in the city
Bar facilities available in some of hotels.
- Bhairahwa — one of the entry points to Nepal from India, is the last border town in Nepal which is about 4 KM from Sonauli, the Indian border town. There are frequent buses( 3 hrs. ) to Sonauli from Gorakhpur or taxis can be hired( 2 - 2 1/2 hrs. ).There are shared taxis too.
- Kapilvastu — Capital of Lord Buddha
- Kushinagar — This is the place were Lord Buddha died.
- Lumbini (Nepal) — Birth Place of Lord Buddha. Go by Sonauli route.
- Maghar — This is the place were sant Kabir died.
Indian Panorama is one of the five journeys of the Maharajas’ Express, an Indian luxury train, which features Lucknow as one of its destinations. Here is a lowdown giving-out some interesting information about Lucknow – The City of Tehzeeb.
Lucknow at a Glance:
Lucknow, the capital of Uttar Pradesh was historically known as the Awadh region. Today, it is the administrative headquarters of Lucknow District and Lucknow Division. Fondly known as the ‘City of Nawabs’ or the ‘City of Tehzeeb’, it has always been a city filled with varied cultures.
Its beautiful sprawling gardens, polite mannerisms, fine-cuisine, music, and poetry (Shayari), had found a patronage in the Shia Nawabs of the city who loved Persian.
The city has been given various other names too, such as The Constantinople of India, Shiraz-i-Hind and the Golden City of the East.
Today, it is known as one of the most important cities of the country which is now emerging in various sectors like retailing, manufacturing and commercial.
Lucknow city has to offer a unique feature to its travelers, which is a perfect combination of its rich traditions and the modern growth of new-mannerisms. The same is its USP. After Kanpur, it is the second largest city of Uttar Pradesh.
Vajid Ali Shah as Nawab. Wajid Ali Shah succeeded to the throne of Awadh when its glory days were at its peak and passing.
Lucknow is a historic city, which is located on the banks of river Gomti. Hindi is the official language of the city, however, here the language finds its origin from Urdu. Traditionally, it was the capital of Awadh Pradesh and was administered by the Delhi Sultanate during Mughal rule. In the later stages, it was given to the Nawabs of Awadh.
After Lord Clive defeated the armies of the Nawab of Bengal, Nawab of Awadh as well as the Mughals, it went under the rule of the East India Company. In the year 1857, it went into the hands of the British Empire.
With the support of Maulana Abdul Bari of Firangi Mahal Lucknow, the Khilafat movement gained a lot of momentum and formed a solid footing in the city. In the year 1920, Lucknow was declared the provincial capital of the United Provinces, later known as Uttar Pradesh.
Culture and Cuisine:
Lucknow, which is considered to be The Golden City Of The East, has still kept its old -world charm absolutely intact, which is an appealing feature for the tourists. It is no exaggeration to call the capital of Uttar Pradesh, one of the finest cities of the country in terms of mannerisms and culture.
The culture of Lucknow has a great feel and is an amalgamation of complete sophistication, warmth, manners (etiquette), courtesy and a fine taste in standard of living. Many cultural traits of the city have become the landmarks of ‘Tehzeeb’.
A lot of importance here is given to dance, music, literature, Urdu poetry and drama. The Nawabs of Awadh are the ones who should be given a credit of this as they had an interest in every walk of life. They appreciated perfection in everything.
Lucknow’s cuisine, also known as Awadhi cuisine has a unique- Nawabi style. The major highlights are biryanis, kebabs and some breads (nahari-kulchas, roomali rotis and warqi parathas).
Kebabs actually a specialty, are of various types such as Tunde ke Kebabs, Kakori Kebabs, Shami Kebabs, Galawati Kebabs, Boti Kababs, Patili-ke-Kababs, Seekh Kebabs and Ghutwa Kababs. Lucknow can be called a paradise for food lovers.
Chikan is a traditional embroidery style from Lucknow, India. Literally translated, the word means embroidery.
Lucknow is extremely popular for Chikan and Lucknavi Zardozi. Both of these are two kinds of stylish and delicate Indian embroideries. The export of these rich materials, forms a significant part of the revenue to the city. There is a huge demand of both these handcrafted embroideries, not only in India but in overseas markets as well.
Along with this, the other famous industry is small scale kite-making industry. Other famous products of Lucknow are its ‘Ittars’ (perfumes) and ‘Kivam’ (a tobacco product). The markets of Lucknow are filled with other handicrafts such as silver and gold foil work, bone carving products and pottery.
Lucknow boasts of being home to various tourist attractions. Roomi gate, Bada Imambada, Shah Mina Shah, Tare Wali Kothi, Dilkusha, Khursheed Manzil, Satkhanda, Shahi Baoli, Nadan Mahal, Banarsi Bagh, Chattar Manzil are some of well-known attractions for tourists.
Best Time to Visit:
Although the city is flocked by a large number of tourists all round the year but the best time to visit Lucknow is between the months of October to March. This is the peak season in terms of tourism. The other months witness either scorching summers or extremely chilly winters.
How to Reach Lucknow:
Lucknow is well-connected by all three modes of transport and reaching here is quite easy:
a. By Air
Lucknow has its own independent airport. Flights to Lucknow operate from various important cities like Mumbai, Delhi, Ranchi etc.
b. By Rail
There are two main railway junctions, one is at Lucknow city center and the other one is at Charbagh (around 3 kms from the city center). Trains from all major cities halt at these stations.
c. By Road
The major highways that pass through Lucknow are Lucknow N.H. – 56., N.H. – 28 and N.H. – 25. It is well-connected to important cities like Allahabad, Delhi, Agra, Kanpur etc.
If you want to travel in style to city of tehzeeb, Nawaabs and Kebabs, do so with Maharajas’ Express The Indian Panorama itinerary. This luxury train tour lets to discover the rich heritage and royal legacy of Lucknow as would a royalty.