Writing Bibliography For Encyclopedia Example

MLA: Encyclopedia

How to Cite an Encyclopedia in Print in MLA

Be sure to include the name of author (if given), the name of the article, the name of the reference book, the edition, and the year of publication. If the reference book is well known, do not include the publication information.

Structure:

Last, First M., and First M. Last. "Article Title." Encyclopedia Name. City: Publisher, Year Published. Page(s). Print.

Examples:

McGhee, Karen, and George McKay. "Insects." Encyclopedia of Animals. Washington: National Geographic Society, 2007. 170-71. Print

Posner, Rebecca. "Romance Languages." The Encyclopedia Britannica: Macropedia. 15th ed. 1987. Print.

How to Cite an Encyclopedia Online in MLA

Format:

Last, First M., and First M. Last. "Article Title." Encyclopedia Name. City: Publisher, Year Published. Website Title. Web. Date Month Year Accessed.

Examples:

McGhee, Karen, and George McKay. "Insects." Encyclopedia of Animals. Washington: National Geographic Society, 2007. Google Books. Web. 2 Jan. 2010.

Hassler, Warren W. "American Civil War." Encyclopedia Britannica Online. Encyclopedia Britannica Inc., n.d. Web. 2 Jan. 2013.

How to Cite an Encyclopedia on a Database in MLA

Format:

Last, First M. "Article Title" Encyclopedia Name. Ed. First M. Last. Vol. Volume. City: Publisher, Year Published. Database Name. Web Date Month Year.

Examples:

Holmes, Heather. "Advertising of Food" Encyclopedia of Food and Culture. Ed. Solomon H. Katz. Vol. 1. New York: Scribner's, 2003. Gale Virtual Reference Library. Web. 2 July 2010.

Bunson, Margaret R. "Historical Overview." Encyclopedia on Ancient Egypt. 3rd ed. New York: Infobase, 2012. Xii-Xv. Gale Cengage Catalog. Web. 4 Jan. 2013.

Make sure to:

  • Choose if the source was published directly online or originally in print.
  • Find the date that the article was electronically published.
  • For well-known reference works, it is not necessary to include full publication information.

View our visual citation guide on how to cite an Encyclopedia in MLA format.

APA: Encyclopedia

Click here to automatically cite an Encyclopedia.

How to Cite an Encyclopedia in Print in APA Format

Structure:

Last, F. M., & Last, F. M. (Year Published). Article title. In Encyclopedia Name. (Vol.#, pp. Page(s)). City, State: Publisher.

Examples:

McGhee, K., & McKay, G. (2007). Insects. In Encyclopedia of Animals. (pp. 170-171). Washington, DC: National Geographic Society.

Bunson, M. R. (2012). Historical overview. In Encyclopedia on Ancient Egypt. (3rd ed., pp. Xii-Xv). New York, NY: Infobase Publishing.

How to Cite an Encyclopedia Online in APA Format

Format:

Last, F. M., & Last, F. M. (Year Published) Article title. In Encyclopedia Name. Retrieved from URL.

Examples:

McGhee, K., & McKay, G. (2007). Insects. In Encyclopedia of Animals. Retrieved from http://books.google.com.

Bunson, M. R. (2012). Historical Overview. In Encyclopedia on Ancient Egypt. (3rd ed., pp. Xii-Xv). Retrieved from http://www.infobasepublishing.com/.

How to Cite an Encyclopedia on a Database in APA Format

Format:

Last, F. M. (Year Published). Article title. In F. M. Last (Ed.), Encyclopedia Name. (Vol. Volume, pp. Page(s)). City, State: Publisher. Retrieved Month Date, Year, from URL

Examples:

Holmes, H. (2003). Advertising of food. In S. H. Katz (Ed.), "Advertising of Food" Encyclopedia of Food and Culture. Vol. 1, pp. 16-20). New York, NY: Scribner’s. Retrieved July 2, 2010, from http://www.gale.cengage.com

Bunson, M. R. (2012). Historical Overview. In Encyclopedia on Ancient Egypt. (3rd ed., pp. Xii-Xv). New York, NY: Infobase Publishing. Retrieved January 3, 2013, from http://www.infobasepublishing.com

For well-known reference works, it is not necessary to include full publication information.

View our visual citation guide on how to cite an Encyclopedia in APA format.

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