The Main Causes of World War 1 Essay
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Great War, also known as The First World War, lasted for four year (1914 to 1918). It brought a huge development of war technics and weapons. More number of countries had been involved in the Great War than any previous war. It involved the mobilization of the whole nations, not just an enormous army that turned the war into a “total war”. (Clare 6) However, historians are still arguing about the major cause of the World War I. The major cause will be one of the four long-term causes of WWI, which are Militarism, Alliance, Imperialism, and Nationalism. In my opinion, the two major causes would be Alliance and Nationalism. Alliance is an association between two or more countries for mutual benefits that formed with different treaties, while…show more content…
Bismarck’s alliance system brought peace between the European countries. (Stewart, Fitzgerald, Pickard 12) His alliance system starts with a treaty with Austria-Hungary who was one of the 5 powers in Europe. In 1879, Germany and Austria-Hungary signed the Dual Alliance, which was planned as a merely defensive arrangement or military alliance. Both governments promised that they should help or remain neutral when other powerful countries such as Russia or France attack. (Stewart, Fitzgerald, Pickard 13) The second allied country was with Italy. In 1882, Bismarck turns Dual Alliance into Triple Alliance by making Italy to join in his alliance system. Since Italy had close friendship with Great Britain, although Italy was not a strong military nation, it was an influential part of the Alliance. And at the same time, Great Britain and Germany had conflict in North Africa on colonial aspiration. Therefore, it was the perfect time to be an ally with her to isolate France. (Stewart, Fitzgerald, Pickard 14) Making Great Britain as a close friend was a benefit for Germany. Bismarck’s next target to isolate France was Russia. In 1881, the Dreikaiserbund was made a treaty, which was the agreement between Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Russia promising not to help the fourth power, France. However in 1884, this treaty had renewed and Russia refused to renew her membership in Dreikaiserbund. Then Bismarck discussed the Reinsurance Treaty with
The British Imperialism in India
British imperialism was developed as a result of the seven years war that pitted colonial empires against each other. Most countries in Europe were envious of India. This was due to the fact that India was endowed with vast resources. The French, Portuguese and the Dutch all wanted a share of these resources. The British government was put into pressure to take control of India by most corporations in Britain. This was a calculated move to secure the Indian resources.
India and British were involved in barter trade over a long period of time. The British government would provide gold and silver in exchange for textiles silk tea and cotton. This made the British company to become more entrenched in the Indian economy. They gained more power which led them to making a decision of creating an army of British officers. This move was relatively easy for the British government because at the time the nation was too divided. The sense of nationalism was not strong enough.
The large number of Indian population provided a ready market for British goods. This resulted in the much needed balance of trade. This also earned the British government a lot of money through taxation. As a result of this success, the British government wanted to transform India to be a model colony.
This imperialism rule had both positive and negative impacts on India as a nation. There was the loss of the Indian culture and the ultimate destruction of the social order. The large social effect that was experienced was due to the fact that the imperialism lasted for 190 years. The traditional industries were crippled and the Indians were not given important government positions.
On the positive side, the imperialism boosted the Indian economy. This was due to the influx of resources from the British colonies. They brought technological advancement and development the communication infrastructure such as roads and railways.India had 15 major languages which hindered the different ethnic and cultural groups from identifying with each other. In the 1930s the British government embarked on a mission to educate the Indian on the western fashion with the English language being used for communication. This was a move to strengthen Britain grip on India by ensuring that the population was able to communicate in English. This Indian however resented this move by the British government.
The common language unified the Indian people. The educated Indians facilitated the communication of nationalist ideas through to the population. This ultimately led to the Indian nationalism which in the end led to the loss of British control in India.
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