Conclusion Starters For Persuasive Essays Samples

It can sometimes be difficult to start a sentence to express ideas, or find words to show the relationship between ideas. Below is a list of possible sentence starters, transitional and other words that may be useful.

To introduce

This essay discusses …

… is explored …

… is defined …

The definition of … will be given

… is briefly outlined …

… is explored …

The issue focused on ….

… is demonstrated ...

… is included …

In this essay …..

… is explained …

… are identified …

The key aspect discussed …

… are presented …

… is justified …

Views on …. range from ….

… is evaluated …

… is examined …

The central theme …

… is described …

… is analysed …

Emphasised are …

… is explained and illustrated with examples …

 

To conclude

In summary, …

To review, …

In conclusion, …

In brief, …

To summarise, …

To sum up, …

To conclude, …

Thus, …

Hence, …

It has been shown that, …

In short, …

 

To compare and contrast

Similarly, …

In the same way …

Likewise, …

In comparison …

Complementary to this …

Then again, …

However, …

This is in contrast to …

In contrast, …

And yet …

Nevertheless, …

Conversely, …

On the contrary, …

On the other hand, …

Notwithstanding …

Whereas …

In contrast to …

That aside, ...

While this is the case …

... disputes …

Despite this, ...

To add ideas

Also, …

Equally important ...

Subsequently, …

Futhermore, …

Moreover, …

As well as ....

Next…

Another essential point…

Additionally, ...

More importantly, …

In the same way …

Another ...

Then, …

In addition, …

Besides, ...

Then again, …

Firstly, ... secondly, ... thirdly, ... finally, ...

To elaborate, ...

To present uncommon or rare ideas

Seldom ...

Few ...

Not many ...

A few ...

... is uncommon

... is scarce ...

Rarely ...

... is rare ...

... is unusual ...

To present common or widespread ideas

Numerous ...

Many ...

More than ...

Several ...

Almost all ...

The majority ...

Most ...

Commonly ...

Significant ...

... is prevalent ...

... is usual ...

Usually ...

To present inconclusive ideas

Perhaps ...

... may be ...

... might be ...

There is limited evidence for ...

... is debated ...

... is possibly ...

... could ...

... may include ...

 

To give examples

For example, ...

... as can be seen in ...

... supports ...

An illustration of ...

... as demonstrated by ...

... is observed ...

Specifically, ...

... is shown ...

... exemplifies ...

Such as ...

As an example ...

To illustrate, ...

For instance, ...

 

 

To show relationships or outcome

Therefore ...

As a result ...

For that reason ...

Hence, ...

Otherwise, ...

Consequently, ...

The evidence suggests/shows ...

It can be seen that ...

With regard to ...

After examining ....

These factors contribute to ...

It is apparent that ...

Considering ... it can be concluded that ...

Subsequently, ....

The effect is ...

The outcome is ...

The result ...

The correlation ...

The relationship ...

The link ...

The convergence ...

The connection ...

... interacts with ...

Both ....

... affects ...

Thus it is ...

... causes ...

... influences ...

... predicts ...

... leads to ...

... informs ...

... presupposes

... emphasises

... demonstrates ...

... impacts on ...

... supports ...

To present prior or background ideas

In the past, ...

Historically, ...

Traditionally, ...

Customarily, ...

Beforehand, ...

Originally, ...

Prior to this, ...

Earlier, ...

Formerly, ...

Previously, ...

Over time, ...

At the time of ...

Conventionally, ...

Foundational to this is ...

In earlier ...

Initially, ...

At first, ...

Recently ...

Until now, ...

The traditional interpretation ...

 

To present others' ideas

According to …

Based on the findings of ... it can be argued...

… proposed that …

As explained by …

… states that …

… claims that …

However, ... stated that …

... suggested …

… concluded that …

Similarly, … stated that ….

… for example, …

… agreed that …

Based on the ideas of …

… defined …. as ….

… relates …

As identified by …

… disputed that …

… contrasts …

With regard to … argued that …

… concluded that …

… confirmed that …

... argues ….

… highlights …

… demonstrates …

… found that …

… identifies …

... wrote that …

… demonstrated …

… also …

… reported ….

… pointed out that …

… maintained that …

… hypothesised that …

… expressed the opinion that …

... also mentioned ….

... asserts that ….

… identified …

… goes on to state/suggest/say

… emphasises

… challenges the idea ….

… showed that …

… explored the idea …

 

Adapted from the following source

Manalo. E., Wont_Toi, G., & Bartlett-Trafford, J. (2009). The business of writing: Written communication skills for business students (3rd ed.). Auckland: Pearson Education New Zealand.

 

Updated August 22, 2012

Keep A Check!
When writing an essay, keep the topic in mind when forming a conclusion. If the essay requires a creative initiation to the final paragraph, then write it accordingly. Avoid cliched endings like, 'To conclude' or 'Lastly' where possible. While giving a speech, keep the time limit in mind. Do not end it abruptly, and never ever say something like, 'Okay, so I have talked long enough. I'll conclude quickly here by saying...'. There's no need to be sorry for giving your speech!


Any speech or essay has three parts - the beginning, main body, and conclusion. All three sections are equally important. If you begin your speech or essay with a weak opening, you run the risk of losing the attention of your audience. If the main body is not factual enough or sufficiently researched, then your message will not be communicated properly and your efforts will be in vain. The conclusion of your work is also extremely important. It needs to be effective enough to leave a lasting impact on the minds of your audience. If the ending is weak, then the reader or listener will tend to forget it pretty quickly.

The main aim of a conclusion is to hammer your point home. It has to convince your audience that what you are saying is something significant and must be looked into. A conclusion has the power to make or break your work; but fret not. It is really not that difficult to make your speech or essay end on a powerful note. Check out the following paragraphs to find some good conclusion starters for essays and speeches, and also to know some basics for adding a good finishing touch to your work.

► Ways to start a conclusion


There are many ways to conclude an essay or speech. It is not necessary to go with a particular type of ending for all your works. It must be customized according to the content. Every topic demands a different conclusion style. Here are a few ideas to get you started.

Sample topic - A rise in the number of motor vehicles, leading to an increase in pollution.

Summarizing the entire work
This is an impersonal conclusion style. Here, the highlights of the work can be summarized into a few lines. You can make your point once again in a nutshell. This type of conclusion does not require a personal tone; the tone must be practical and detached, yet effective enough to leave a mark on the audience. It is good for argumentative essays. Read the following example.

"It is safe to say, after looking at the staggering statistics, that urgent action is the need of the hour. Making people aware is the first step towards bringing this situation back into control. Options like car pooling, cycling, or using public transport will pay off in the long run, even if they do not give instant results. Timely action and a little bit of compromise are the need of the hour, to save our planet from imminent destruction."


Personalizing it
If you are writing/speaking about a topic that you feel strongly for, then you can conclude it by voicing your opinions or views about it. This is an effective way to make the conclusion memorable. This is good for persuasive essays. Follow this method only if you are personally involved in the topic; that way it will be easier for you to put your thoughts into words.

"I fear that at the rate at which pollution is rising, there will not be enough time for us to take corrective measures and salvage the situation. We need to act fast and act now. Sure, there will be a few compromises in our path; we may have to leave earlier to catch the bus or train, or we may need to drive for more distance on our carpool day; but look at the bigger picture. It is these small initiatives that will go a long way in helping our planet. We are the change, and it is time we embrace it."


Diverting it to a complimentary issue
You can subtly lead your essay/speech to another issue, which is, of course, logically connected to your current topic. For example, if you are talking about the rise in drug use among today's youth, you can conclude your piece by talking about what the schools or communities should do to help these kids. This will leave the audience thinking about your work from a different viewpoint.

"The alarming statistics show that in a few years time, every home will have at least two cars, or even more. This is not going to help the issue of environmental pollution in any way. The Government should begin making people aware of the imminent danger we all are in. If there are some guidelines chalked out, then it will be easier for everyone. What happens in this direction remains to be seen. After all, change is said to be successful only if it reaches till the topmost level. Let us pledge ourselves to a more responsible lifestyle, and a safer planet."


► What not to do


The samples given above were just some examples of the three types of conclusions. Although these have the power to give your speech/essay a strong end, there are some things that you must be careful of. Read the following list to know what you must stay away from while writing concluding statements.

Do not drag it out. It must be concise and to the point.
Try to include the main topic of your work into the conclusion. However, use different words.
Make the last sentence more creative than the others.
Try not to use too much of decorative language.
Do not waver from the main topic if writing about a complimentary issue.
Keep the conclusion as a summary of the entire essay/speech. Do not make it about any one point.

► List of ideas for good conclusion starters


Now that you have an idea about how to write a good and effective conclusion to your speech/essay, check out some conclusion starter examples for the same. These are some of the standard ways to initiate the final part of your work.
  • To conclude, I would like to say...
  • (Only) To conclude...
  • To sum up...
  • Finally...
  • Lastly...
  • In conclusion...
  • To finish off...
  • All in all...
  • In the end...
  • So as you can see...
  • Overall...
  • As evidence shows...
  • To summarize...
  • As I already explained...
  • In closing...
These were some good ideas for conclusion starters, which you can use in any essay or speech. No matter what your topic is, whether it is argumentative or persuasive, or whether you are speaking at a debate competition, an effective conclusion will make your work memorable for the audience/readers. Use these conclusion starters and follow the steps provided, and you will be able to see the impact your speech/essay makes.

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